PICAV (Personal Intelligent City Accessible Vehicle System) is a European FP-7 project which aims at designing a new personal vehicle able to demonstrate a new mobility concept for passengers ensuring accessibility for all in urban pedestrian environments. The new transport system integrates a fleet of PICAV units. These units have some features that are specifically designed for people whose mobility is restricted for different reasons the main drivers of PICAV design are: ergonomics, comfort, stability, small size, mobility dexterity on-board intelligence, assisted driving, eco-sustainability, parking, vehicle/infrastructures intelligent networking.
PICAV system usefully integrates the existing public transport system to make it become more accessible for older and disabled people by acting as a smooth link between walking, bicycle and conventional public transport.
|vehicle footprint||Width: 800 mm x Length 1100 mm (+- 20%)|
|vehicle weight||less than 250 kg|
|vehicle agility: step overcoming||up to 180 mm|
|vehicle agility: max incline, max tilt||25 °|
|vehicle agility: turning radius||1 m|
|vehicle maximum speed||6 m/s|
|energy efficiency||improved of more than 25% on market electric vehicles|
|noise emission||less than 45 dBA|
|air pollution||zero emission|
|personal comfort (accessibility and driving)||improved more than 90% for weak users category (reference to average current personal vehicles)|
|safety||improved more than 65% both for people inside and outside the vehicle (reference to average current personal vehicles)|
|performance of the transport service||walking distance to PICAV service less than maximum walking distance for elderly; waiting times less than public transport waiting time; PICAV transport demand greater than 80% potential end-users|
Security: driver recognition system. All critical equipment will be inside the vehicle body and not accessible nor damageable by vandals and users as well (only authorized people should be able to access the equipment). On request, e.g. for security purposes, identity of the passenger can be hidden.
Networking: the fleet of PICAV will provide a new transport mode which is fully integrated with the urban environment, including traditional public transport, parking, traffic/travel information. Networking and driver support services will be based on and exploit available infrastructures (e.g. GPS positioning, GPRS, UMTS, WiFi in equipped areas, Internet-based information services, etc.) and will take into account forthcoming technologies and services (e.g. GALILEO positioning). Access to on-line information and services will be based on most common traffic telematics standards like e.g. DATEX, Open TIS Access Point (OTAP), RDS/TMC, GDF (ISO14825), etc.
Transport service: in principle, the benefits of the proposed transport system on the transport service are not quantifiable because nothing similar exists and because of the social value of the service to a category of people usually excluded by the public transport services. The performance of the transport service will be assessed by the following indicators: accessibility as a measure of availability: distance between PICAV parking lots and public transport stops at the border area less then the maximum walking distance for elderly; transport demand as a measure of quality: 80% of the identified potential users will judge satisfactory the simulated transport system (virtual reality testing); waiting times as a measure of reliability: waiting time at the PACAV parking lots comparable with the waiting time at the public transport stops at the border area. As the innovation of the contribution requires the validation of the concepts, the project will realise a vehicle prototype that will be tested first for the aspect of ergonomics and user compliance and satisfaction. Then the capability of interactions with existing mobility infrastructure will be tested in the field in Barreiro (near to Lisbon). In order to evaluate the efficiency of the fleet management in different environmental scenarios as well as the influence of the new transport system on the pedestrian flows and on the pre-existing traffic conditions, a simulator will be purposely written, set-up and delivered.
|Person/months for each WP||WP1||WP2||WP3||WP4||WP5||WP6||WP7||TOTAL|
|DIMEC||661 600||41 280||73 600||33 920||810 400||594 360|
|INRIA||621 666||50 000||26 250||44 167||742 083||561 667|
|UCL||397 360||78 032||25 952||43 904||545 248||406 892|
|UNIPI||441 600||57 280||16 640||25 280||540 800||401 760|
|TCB||86 400||94 800||6 600||21 000||208 800||139 800|
|ZTS||419 629||73 307||7 841||21 291||522 068||380 508|
|MAZEL||391 608||122 982||6 846||47 922||569 358||312 063|
|3 019 863||517 681||163 729||237 484||3 938 757||2 797 050|